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Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that affects joints in any part of the body, including the ankle and foot. Commonly affected joints of the foot are the ankle, the three joints of the hindfoot, the midfoot, and the big toe. Symptoms of osteoarthritis include stiffness and pain. There may also be swelling, a limited range of motion, bone spur development, and difficulty in walking. When one has osteoarthritis, cartilage, serving as a protective layer for the ends of bones that form joints, gradually wears down. Injury (such as severe sprains and fractures) and abnormal foot structure or mechanics (like flat feet) can lead to osteoarthritis. Other types of arthritis may mimic osteoarthritis, which is why it is important to consult with a podiatrist. Such a professional will provide a proper diagnosis and treatment options for you.
Arthritis can be a difficult condition to live with. If you are seeking treatment, contact Bradley Olson, DPM from North Dakota. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Arthritic Foot Care
Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves the inflammation of different joints in your body, such as those in your feet. Arthritis is often caused by a degenerative joint disease and causes mild to severe pain in all affected areas. In addition to this, swelling and stiffness in the affected joints can also be a common symptom of arthritis.
In many cases, wearing ill-fitting shoes can worsen the effects and pain of arthritis. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room can help your feet feel more comfortable. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the arch in your foot may become problematic. Buying shoes with proper arch support that contour to your feet can help immensely.
Alleviating Arthritic Pain
It is best to see your doctor for the treatment that is right for your needs and symptoms. Conditions vary, and a podiatrist can help you determine the right method of care for your feet.
The ankle is one of the most critical parts of the human body because it enables the foot to move upwards and downwards. However, the ankle can be susceptible to painful sensations. For example, ankle avulsion fractures can cause pain in the ankles. This condition occurs when a tendon or ligament is torn and part of a bone is taken with it. Ankle avulsion fractures can feel very similar to ankle sprains, in terms of pain felt and swelling around the affected area. X-rays are usually required to identify ankle avulsion fractures and to distinguish them from regular ankle sprains. Treatment options for those suffering from an ankle avulsion fracture vary widely, depending on the severity of the case. Schedule an appointment with a podiatrist today if you have ankle pain or an ankle avulsion fracture.
Ankle pain can be caused by a number of problems and may be potentially serious. If you have ankle pain, consult with Bradley Olson, DPM from North Dakota. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
Ankle pain is any condition that causes pain in the ankle. Due to the fact that the ankle consists of tendons, muscles, bones, and ligaments, ankle pain can come from a number of different conditions.
The most common causes of ankle pain include:
Symptoms of ankle injury vary based upon the condition. Pain may include general pain and discomfort, swelling, aching, redness, bruising, burning or stabbing sensations, and/or loss of sensation.
Due to the wide variety of potential causes of ankle pain, podiatrists will utilize a number of different methods to properly diagnose ankle pain. This can include asking for personal and family medical histories and of any recent injuries. Further diagnosis may include sensation tests, a physical examination, and potentially x-rays or other imaging tests.
Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are rest, ice packs, keeping pressure off the foot, orthotics and braces, medication for inflammation and pain, and surgery.
Foot or ankle surgery can be recommended by a podiatrist to relieve pain, correct a foot deformity, or restore function to a foot or ankle. It is often a last resort, after more conservative treatments are prescribed. Such surgery is usually elective and takes place in a podiatrist’s office, in a hospital, or a surgery center. Whether or not surgery is suggested depends on one’s age, medical history, and insurance coverage. Once surgery is done, the patient must follow instructions for the foot or ankle to heal properly and without complications. Foot surgeries can include toenail removal, and arthroscopic foot or ankle surgery. This is a type of endoscopy that allows a doctor to investigate an area of the body without cutting it open. Additional types of surgeries can consist of plantar fascia release, and ankle fusion or replacement. If you have foot or ankle problems and pain interferes with your daily life, see a podiatrist for proper diagnosis and treatment. Surgery may be appropriate if other treatments are ineffective.
When Is Surgery Necessary?
Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to alleviate the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary include:
What Types of Surgery Are There?
The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:
Benefits of Surgery
Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.
Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.
One of the more severe side effects of diabetes is the development of wounds that do not heal properly. Wounds may cause skin ulcers, which can develop into gangrene if not treated correctly. Gangrene indicates the death of tissue, typically in the feet, because of decreased blood flow to the area. Causes of gangrene include diseases that affect blood circulation like smoking or infected wounds. Among the symptoms are pain and swelling, decay of the affected area, a blackened color, and a foul odor. If you have any of these symptoms it is essential to consult with a podiatrist who can evaluate the severity of the condition. Treatment may include debridement or removal of the dead tissue and intravenous antibiotic medication. In addition, pain relievers and anticoagulation medicine may be prescribed. In the most severe cases, the affected area may need to be amputated. For more information, please contact a podiatrist.
Wound care is an important part in dealing with diabetes. If you have diabetes and a foot wound or would like more information about wound care for diabetics, consult with Bradley Olson, DPM from North Dakota. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
What Is Wound Care?
Wound care is the practice of taking proper care of a wound. This can range from the smallest to the largest of wounds. While everyone can benefit from proper wound care, it is much more important for diabetics. Diabetics often suffer from poor blood circulation which causes wounds to heal much slower than they would in a non-diabetic.
What Is the Importance of Wound Care?
While it may not seem apparent with small ulcers on the foot, for diabetics, any size ulcer can become infected. Diabetics often also suffer from neuropathy, or nerve loss. This means they might not even feel when they have an ulcer on their foot. If the wound becomes severely infected, amputation may be necessary. Therefore, it is of the upmost importance to properly care for any and all foot wounds.
How to Care for Wounds
The best way to care for foot wounds is to prevent them. For diabetics, this means daily inspections of the feet for any signs of abnormalities or ulcers. It is also recommended to see a podiatrist several times a year for a foot inspection. If you do have an ulcer, run the wound under water to clear dirt from the wound; then apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover with a bandage. Bandages should be changed daily and keeping pressure off the wound is smart. It is advised to see a podiatrist, who can keep an eye on it.
Foot or ankle pain can negatively affect your day-to-day life and can occur due to several different conditions. Pain can also be an indicator of a more serious underlying condition, which is why you should seek professional help as soon as you notice any abnormalities in your feet.
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